The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), with an operational name of NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation), is a completely home-grown solution of ISRO which enables navigation in the Indian Ocean region using a combination of GEO and GSO satellites.
The NavIC system has been designed to provide localisation fixes (with a resolution of 20 m or better) over the Indian sub-continent – in two forms: a Standard Positioning Service (SPS) for all civilian users, and a higher precision Restricted Service (RS) for authorized users.
Applications of Satellite based Navigation Systems Technological advancement in the design of ASICs has resulted in the development of cheap, low-power ground based receivers, and their associated circuitry. There has been considerable miniaturisation of this hardware, which has allowed the deployment of these devices in small form-factor, portable devices which enable distributed, on-the-go localisation. This information has a lot of business potential, and thus the development of an indigenous system - dovetails well with ‘Make in India’, ‘Start up India’, the ‘Smart Cities’ and ‘Digital India’ programs.
Some of the immediate applications for an operational NavIC system are:
- Railways: Wagon Tracking,
- Vehicle tracking System for State Transport Buses, Taxis and all public service vehicles
- Tracking of fishing vessels
- Tracking and geo-fencing of mechanised vehicles in service
- Disaster management
Role of MeitY in development of NavIC chip:
- MeitY is coordinating activities related to the deployment of NavIC SPS (Commercial application) receivers for initial roll out of NavIC system. Other Ministries/Organizations involved include National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), Department of Space (DoS), Indian space Research Organization (ISRO).
- MeitY is working on RFP for design, manufacture and deployment of the NavIC system which includes receivers, storage and application in consultation with all the stakeholders.
Notification from Ministry of Road, Transport and Highways